In an ideal world, electronic circuits would process signals perfectly.
In real life, circuits introduce errors in the output called DISTORTION.
Well designed circuits minimise distortion.
Clipping, Limiting or Saturation
Amplifiers can not produce an output voltage greater than the power supply voltage.
When this happens, the top and/or bottom of the waves is clipped off and the output signal is damaged.
Bad audio quality at high volume is one example.
In the diagram, the black wave is the ideal output. The red and blue show the clipped output.
The left image is an oscilloscope X/Y plot. The right hand image is a normal oscilloscope display with time on the X Axis.
Last Name Class ID
Q: qNum of last_q
Q ID: Question ID
Score: num correct/num attempts
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