Resistors oppose the free flow of current in a circuit. The current is reduced.
Resistance is measured in Ohms.
Nick Reeder's Resistor Challenge
A Simple Circuit
In this simple circuit, the resistor limits the current to a small steady safe level. The switch also has resistance; either zero (on) or infinity (off).
What Resistors Do
Resistors limit the current flowing to a smaller safe level.
Two or more resistors can be used as a voltage divider.
Voltage dividers can use fixed resistors.
Voltage dividers can use thermistors or LDRs to make temperature or light sensors.
Voltage dividers can use potentiometers to make angle sensors.
Voltage dividers can use potentiometers to make volume controls, dimmers, speed controllers and radio control inputs.
A timing resistor is used in conjunction with a capacitor to make a timing circuit.
A pull-up resistor increases the voltage, usually close to the positive power supply voltage.
A pull-down resistor drops the voltage close to zero or perhaps to the negative power supply voltage.
A Short Circuit
Without a current limiting resistor, the current is very large and possibly dangerous. There is a fire risk. This is called a short circuit.
Don't Try This at Home
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