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R1 and R2 form a Voltage Divider.
The voltage is divided in the ratio of the resistor values (assuming the current is the same in both resistors).
Two or more resistors in series can be used to set a required voltage at a point in a circuit. For example, this could correspond to
V2 = Vs R2 / (R1 + R2) where Vs is the supply voltage.
V1 = Vs R1/ (R1 + R2) where Vs is the supply voltage.
V1 / R1 = V2 / R2 or V1 / V2 = R1 / R2 also V1 + V2 = Vs
For the Falstad Circuit Simulation, CTRL+Click Voltage Divider Simulation
In options, check European Resistors and uncheck Conventional Current.
Click the switch to turn the circuit on or off. Watch the voltages change.
Alternatively view Voltage_Divider.txt.
Save or copy the text on the web page. Import the saved or copied text into the Falstad simulator.
Here is the new HTML5 Simulator Site.
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