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Definition of Resistance
- opposes the free flow of current.
- is like a thin water pipe or a narrow road or a narrow doorway opposing the free flow of people.
- is measured in Ohms.
- is related to the current and voltage by Ohm's law.
- if a wire is replaced with a resistor, the current drops.
Definition of the Ohm
- If the resistance is one Ohm, a potential difference of one Volt will cause a current of one Amp to flow.
- The Ohms tell you how many volts are needed to push one amp through a resistor. For example ...
- 10 Volts are needed to push one amp through a a 10 Ohm resistor.
- 2 Volts are needed to push one amp through a a 2 Ohm resistor.
- 1000000 Volts are needed to push one amp through a one megohm resistor. It would be interesting to watch the sparks fly if you could achieve this in real life!
At a given temperature, the potential difference or Voltage drop (V) across a resistor (R) is proportional to the current (I) flowing through it.
R = V / I
- R = resistance in Ohms
- V = Voltage (potential difference) in Volts.
- I = current in Amps.
Ohm's Law Triangle
This triangle helps some people to remember that
- R = V / I
- V = I R
- I = V / R
To remember this triangle, try this: The Vase on the table Is Red
The ammeter measures the current flowing through the resistor.
The voltmeter measures the voltage across the resistor.
Assume that the meters are ideal and they have no effect on the circuit ...
- No current flows through an ideal voltmeter.
- No voltage is lost across an ideal ammeter.
Try a few Ohm's Law calculations ...
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