Neon indicator lights will not be in the exam. They are still commonly found on older electronic systems.
Neon Bulbs are used as a mains-on indicator on older mains powered equipment.
Neon is also used in illuminated signs used for advertising.
LEDs are much easier to use, safer because they run on about 2 Volts and more energy efficient.
The two neons on the left are running on a DC supply.
The one on the right is running on AC.
The negative probe lights up because this is the source of electrons and light is emitted when electrons re-combine with positive neon ions.
With AC, each probe glows when it goes negative 50 (Europe) /60 (USA) times per second.
Low pressure neon gas ioises and glows with about 60 volts needed to ionise the gas.
Neon Lamp Circuit
Neon bulbs need about 60 volts to get the low pressure neon gas to conduct.
Indicator light neon bulbs need a resistor to limit the current to a safe small value.
When a high voltage (above 60 V) is applied across neon gas, electrons become detached from their parent neon atoms.
When the electrons re-combine with a parent atom, red/orange light is emitted.
Big neon lights limit the current with an inductor instead of a resistor. The inductor limits the current with less energy lost as heat.
Other colour neon lights contain different gases or mixtures of gases to get the desired colour. These include argon, xenon and krypton.
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